Pearl Harbor Day 2013 Celebration
Pearl Harbor Day 2013 Celebration in United States.
December 7th is the day that commemorates the attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and began World War II. It is known as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, or Pearl Harbor Day or Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day and is also a day when many American servicemen and women lost their lives and were injured in 1941.
Public life of Pearl Harbor Day 2013
Amazing as it seems, this is not considered a federal holiday so schools, offices and businesses remain open and public transit continues to run. However there are some organizations that may hold special events to commemorate those who were killed and or injured at Pearl Harbor.
When is Pearl Harbor Day 2013 Celebration?
Pearl Harbor Day 2013 falls on Saturday, December 7th.
Background of Pearl Harbor Day
The American Naval Pearl Harbor base in Hawaii was attacked by the Japanese Imperial Navy on Sunday morning December 7, 1941. The attack was a complete surprise and lead to a great number of lost lives and lost equipment. Along with servicemen and women, over 2,000 American citizens were also killed and over 1,000 were injured.
Among the lost equipment, nearly 200 aircraft and a large amount of battleships that were stationed there. Of the Japanese casualties, only 60 were killed, captured or injured and they only lost 29 aircrafts and five midget submarines. The attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor was prompted by the hopes it would prevent the US from having an influence in the Pacific. Instead however, this attack led to the escalation of World War II, which was declared on Japan the following day.
President Franklin Roosevelt in a speech to Congress stated that the bombing of Pearl Harbor was “a date which will live in infamy”. Shortly afterwards, Germany also declared war on the United States. In the months that followed the attack, the slogan “Remember Pearl Harbor” swept the United States and radio stations repeatedly played a song of the same name.
the United States Congress established the Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal In 1991, which marked the 50th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor. This is also known as the Pearl Harbor Survivor’s Medal and can be awarded to any veteran of the United States military who were present in or around Pearl Harbor during the attack by the Japanese military. The medal also be awarded to civilians, who were killed or injured in the attack.
Symbols of Pearl Harbor Day
There have been many memorials build to symbolize and remember the day. One example includes, the USS Arizona, which is a marble memorial that was built over the sunken USS Arizona and was dedicated in 1962. This memorial is a reminder of all those military personnel who lost their lives in the attack. An Austrian born architect named Alfred Preis was the designer and resident of Honolulu at the time of the attack and was placed in a detainment camp as part of the Japanese internment policy for Japanese and German Americans.
Another example of a Pearl Harbor memorial is the USS Utah, another sunken battleship that was built to honor the crew who were all killed. The memorial, dedicated in 1972, can be seen at the northwest shore of Ford Island close to where the ship went down. In 1989, the ship was declared a National Historic Landmark and was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In addition, the ship is Utah’s official state ship with movies, books and other memorabilia about the attack that are available.
Pearl Harbor Day 2013 celebration
The President directed all Americans to display the flag on their homes, at the White House as well as other government buildings and that the flag should be flown at half-staff in honor of all those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor. There are many associations linked to Pearl Harbor and the survivors and those who died during the attack that carry out special services to commemorate and remember the event. Some of these events are held at places like the USS Arizona Memorial with activities including luncheons, keynote speakers, wreath laying ceremonies. School activities are also big so as to teach students about the Pearl Harbor attack and how it brought about World War II.
Take a moment during Pearl Harbor Day 2013, on Saturday, 7 December 2013, to remembers those who died during the attack of Pearl Harbor, in Hawaii, in 1941.